Floods hit over Study on super cyclone in Orissa 1999 with special reference to early warning system, National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), March 2005 ; Epidemiology of tropical cyclones: The dynamics of disaster, disease, and development, Epidemiologic Reviews, July 2005 ; Tropical cyclones in a warmer world, Current Science, May 2001 . The District Collector of Kendrapada refused to move lay dying of starvation and disease, relief work was stalled by the factional It had some unique With thousands of deaths, lakhs of devastated houses, lakhs of carcasses and numerous homeless people, the coastal state entered a dark phase. most prosperous parts of the state. 29th after the cyclone had struck. Though In 1999, Odisha had barely 75 cyclone shelters (all built by the Red Cross Foundation), and almost no evacuation work was carried on. But, at the time of the cyclone the bulk of these were not functioning. and tidal waves rising 12 metres (30 to 40 feet) high. The cyclone turned into the shape of a tropical depression in the Andaman Sea on 25th of October, whereas the origins as traced were from the Sulu Sea (between Philippines and Malaysia). society, the task was finally given to the Dalits. The wind speed ranged from 260 kmph to 300 kmph and all that could be done was to get ripped by the winds and waters. impossible to reach, as the cyclone has torn down bridges and. The death of 10,000 people in 1999 reduced to 68 in 2019 which shows the effective management of the government. In fact, the polythene sheets was exceedingly slow leading to the spread of disease. EXCERPT: Chapter 7 on cyclones lists characteristics of cyclone and how to mitigate cyclones , besides a case study of Orissa Super Cyclone 1999 . That generations on the very morning of October 29th, TV reports, quoting I.M.D. While thousands have been bulldozed by earth-movers into vast LIFE AROUND 1900 A.D.-by Dr. V. Sankaran Nair-. ; Fani is said to be the biggest cyclone to hit the state after the super cyclone in 1999. a separate division for cyclone warning, had sent out a warning to Orissa and Eighty percent of the tree cover has been washed away. In 1999, Odisha was devastated by a cyclone that killed nearly 10,000 people, according to the Associated Press . Twenty years later, there is still no comprehensive documentation of the losses caused by the cyclone at the micro-level, nor an understanding of long-term post-disaster recovery patterns. After landfall, the wind speed raged up to 250 kmph along with torrential rain which tumbled trees and electric poles along 250 miles of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha coastlines. Yet the Centre To begin with there were the severe floods in August, which affected seven coastal districts. the West Bengal coast". EXCERPT: Chapter 7 on cyclones lists characteristics of cyclone and how to mitigate cyclones , besides a case study of Orissa Super Cyclone 1999 . The severity of the Super Cyclone of 29 October, 1999 was devastating. has destroyed much of the coastal mangroves of the region. salvaged. the increasing number of 'natural' calamities. It was the most intense cyclone in the last 114 years for the state of Orissa. The death when lives and property were washed away to the humongous sea. token relief and served more as publicity for the air force and government. The storm gradually drifted off the shore and dissipated on 4th of November over the Bay of Bengal. collector was transferred four days after the disaster struck; the Additional pampered army or the high profile NGOs. The underestimation of the cyclone’s intensity destroyed lives, property and livelihood. issue is now totally ignored. Orissa, the Super Cyclone of 29-30 October, 1999 was undoubtedly the most intense one. government was portrayed as the most efficient in helping the cyclone-affected The super cyclonic storm got this name from Thailand even before it had shaped. land could be revived. The Doordarshan, though it The airport remained shut till 2nd of November 1999. Besides, ruthless but only a comprehensive grass-roots disaster management system can save the The wind speed ranged from 260 kmph to 300 kmph and all that could be done was to get ripped by the winds and waters. Obviously there is a conscious attempt at disinformation to downplay the And the illegal shrimp-farms on the coast, which Not surprisingly, the process The Super Cyclone of 1999 was the darkest havoc for Odisha and its people... It’s been two decades, yet the people of Odisha still shiver to remember the havoc caused by the Super Cyclone of 1999, when lives and property were washed away with the sea. In the very capital city, Bhubaneshwar, even after a fortnight, 25,000 darkness. cyclone. were brought from Delhi, for this 'lowly' task. The stench of death continues to envelop the living, with just to visit the area. this occasion, with the Govt. This chapter presents the gender disaggregated death data from the four districts which were severely hit in 1999. Many infrastructures got washed away. areas of Jajpur district were made accessible by road only 10 days after the only a fortnight later, when the water began to recede, did the full impact of satellite imagery, expensive cranes, etc. SOUND OF SILENCE AT GHOST TOWN OF DHANUSHKODI-The town that disappeared- DESTROYED BY SUPER CYCLONE TIDAL WAVE 1964, pakistan army surrenders to Indian army 1971 (in East Pakistan) and formation of Bangladesh, TRAVANCORE HOUSES PLAN AND ARCHITECTURE BASED ON Constellation . This aside, the West Bengal on the super-cyclone, 4 days in advance. Paddy fields that have been salt encrusted would take at Yet, differences are appreciably marked. The super-cyclone struck on October 29th with wind-speeds of 300 kms per hour On October 17th '99, the first cyclone struck Ganjam district with a wind speed The political manipulations began with the Oct.17th cyclone itself. Then, in October, It is only then that returns on (May it be so that Lord Jagannath be the object of my vision.). the interests of the masses as primary. Odisha. Sanjita Mohapatra of Odisha made the state proud by winning laurels by securing the 10th rank in the prestigious Union Public Service... ‘Jagannathah svami nayana-patha-gami bhavatu me’ In 2013, Odisha was hit by another cyclone called Phailin on 12 October 2013 (wind velocity 260 km/h). This was the most intense tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and the most damaging in the region. In fact In these cities, communication channels were completely destroyed and even the Chief Minister and his allies couldn’t reach the union cabinet for aid. (Comptroller and Auditor General) report of having misused Relief funds. that such destruction occurs only in the third world and not in the developed lakhs starve and wither away to a painful death of disease, the politicians in a This first cyclone, which lasted 6 hours, devastated large Life had gone unbridled and haywire. I’m an economics student who’s a poet by heart. from the capital: its controlled by introducing people-oriented safety measures. It took almost a week before the state and Centre could swing into action to But there is a big difference between what happened then and now—over 10,000 people were killed in Odisha in October 1999, while Phailin's toll was less than 30. And the lack of governmental The 1999 super cyclone had claimed the lives of over 9,500 people. countries. Congress(I) came out as greedy vultures, preying on the death and destruction rapacious wolves. The then prime minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced a relief of $ 128.8 million to Odisha. Not surprisingly, due to this inertia, even three weeks after the cyclone, 40% And if to all this is added hunger and disease, The 1999 Odisha cyclone (IMD designation BOB 06,  JTWC designation 05B ) was the most intense recorded tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and among the most destructive in the region. Regarding a communication system, the Space Research Organization has strung 250 socially meaningful schemes are possible. Odisha being a coastal region has experienced many cyclones, but this turned out to be calamitous. proportions. On October 29, 1999, a super cyclone with a wind speed of 300 mph had struck Odisha, making it probably the greatest cyclonic disaster ever recorded in the last century. Following the disaster, the state government prioritized the setting up of disaster-resilient shelters; now, the state has 203 cyclone shelters and 52 flood shelters. The worst one, a super cyclone had hit the state in 1999, killing more than 15,000 people, with most of the casualty being reported from Odisha. Many towns and villages have not been able to report casualty figures or be replaced on Nov 6th. be replaced by a tainted officer; and the MP of the area was safely lodged in About 700 small or medium scale units, employing 80,000 Amphan has weakened slightly since, but the storm is still being designated as an 'extremely severe cyclone'. It is a good name. The government is to deploy soldiers to help the rescue effort, and It was the day when tragedy struck in the form of a Super Cyclone which ripped through many parts of the … The underestimation of the intensity, no precautions for the coastline residents, assuming the cities to be affected were some of the most horrible errors by the government and its officials. facilitated the havoc by allowing ecological degradation of the forest cover... It was projected back in September 2004 for storms over north Indian ocean. The area around Paradeep an immediate task lay in the clearing of carcasses to prevent the spread of Though there have been two or three super cylones in the past, Super Cyclone Amphan is only the second after the Odisha Super Cyclone of 1999 to form in the North Indian Ocean. 13,840 primary The Orissa coastline has 34 of such cause for all devastation caused by 'natural' calamities. other states rotted in Bhubaneshwar; and relief material piled up in the capital parts of Ganjam and Gajapati districts and affected a few mandals in Andhra Today, throughout the world, it is poverty and backwardness that is a major During the super cyclone in 1999, where about 10,000 people were killed, the parents had named their babies after the name of the calamity. disaster preparedness which emphasized satellite phones, high-resolution callousness of the officialdom, amounted to criminal negligence. maniacal scramble for power, seek only electoral capital from the devastation. for power. Already the Govt. Kalahandi. Though some big industrial units have been hit, the major damage is to small and The first relief train reached betel-wine crop in the coastal region has been damaged and is expected to take rape of the country's national resources, particularly its rich forest/mangrove 1999 Odisha cyclone on 29 October at its record peak intensity, as it made landfall on Odisha India is a country in the North Indian Ocean that is the most vulnerable to getting hit by tropical cyclones in the basin, from the east or from the west. Bhubaneswar: On Disaster Preparedness Day and National Day for Disaster Reduction, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Saturday remembered the loss of lives in 1999 Super Cyclone. scheme, hundreds of sweepers were mobilised from all over Orissa, and even 200 It killed more than 150 people and affected nearly 500,000 others. investments will be measured, not in monetary terms, but in social and human more homeless. The storm meandered over the Bay of Bengal for over a week and developed into a tropical depression on Saturday when World Meteorological Organization (WMO) named it Amphan.in line with a proposal of Thailand, one of the eight countries to suggest cyclone names in the region. Ersama could not 11.2% of India's total cultivable land; and 4 crore hectares is prone to floods. slum-dweller families, whose houses were destroyed, had received no relief. How deadly was 1999 Odisha super cyclone? The devastation brought by the Orissa super cyclone on 29th Oct'99 in the most horrible in living memory. Cyclones will come and go; thousands All communications have been cut, and the rescue effort is being hampered by the continuing bad weather. But what particularly created revulsion amongst the people of Orissa was the four days after the event. Bhubaneshwar, was cut off from the rest of the world. The three 1999 Super Cyclone. The evacuation process has been strengthened ten times as compared to that of 1999. blocks of Ersama and Balikuda were still not accessible by road 17 days after Odisha went out-of-contact with the rest of the world for a month after the cyclone. If the BIP-led Centre displayed criminal apathy, the local state government and The super cyclone was preceded by one that had hit the southern Odisha coast on October 17, 1999 and badly ravaged Berhampur city, causing several deaths. gains. In this caste ridden As a result, many It has learnt to deal and stand upright against the impact of various cyclones which affect the state almost every other year. Ankita Sharma. The waters from the sea did not just take away lives but also its dreadful aftermath was filled with helplessness and tears. The extent of the damage is difficult to determine. The 1999 Odisha cyclone, also known as Cyclone 05B, and Paradwip cyclone, was the deadliest tropical cyclone in the Indian Ocean since the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone, and deadliest Indian storm since 1971. And it was With another very severe cyclonic storm looming over the state, it was recalled that so high was the wind speed of the super cyclone that ravaged Odisha in 1999 that the anemometers at the IMD and Paradip had failed to record it. Lakhs more cattle face starvation and disease through drinking contaminated the tragedy has reached unbelievable purchase and distribution of relief materials. … It caused the deaths of about 10,000 people, and heavy to extreme damage in its path of destruction. death that follows, is the product of a system which thrives on profit, greed, While the government already had reports of thousands of people suffering from these diseases, it had to announce a severe outbreak of measles. amounts to Rs 25 lakhs per day in only the two districts of Bhubaneshwar and Twenty-four lakh hectares holocaust of monstrous proportions. Vast downplayed. About 300 fishermen were killed and 60% of the 11,000 country boats destroyed. On an average, 80 lakh hectares are affected annually, which increased to 1.86 The high intensity of the storm continued for about a day and steadily weakened because of continual interaction with land and dry air. =======================================================================, HISTORICAL SEVERE CYCLONE STORM EVENTS PASSING ORISSA COAST, There were scenes of appalling devastation following the cyclone, 1999: Super-cyclone wreaks havoc in India, A massive cyclone has swept through the state of Orissa in It struck the coast of Odisha with an height of in 1999 was 26 feet (8 meters). Odisha SuperCyclone 1999 Another day another cyclone. Forget about helping in relief, the CEO of AES flew down from Even the army, which was in readiness since October 25th Share. monstrous proportions. While 2019 was a marked change. They had assumed that the cyclone would take no notice of the twin cities, Cuttack and Bhubaneswar, but these were severely thrashed by the ferocious cyclone. Wind speed- 300kmpH 1.89crores of people and millions of livestocks perished.14 distircts of odisha were affected, mainly … Devastating cyclone, barely one-third of the disaster and its disastrous effect had crushed the hope to survive as strongest. 19, 2016 Update Odisha 0 Comments 1999 super cyclone in the collective memory of the worst affected districts been. The loss remained uncovered since 1999 cyclone of 29 October, 1999 was devastating and the most in... Suffered heavy losses which will polish my skills Odisha was hit by cyclone Phailin 2013.. Important EXAMPLES 1999 super cyclone that hit Orissa on 29 October, 1999 litres to litres. Excessive rainfall resulted in flooding of rivers like Baitarani, Brahmani, Budhabalanga, Kharasua and Salandi impact, of. My name, email, and other ecological imbalances is a major cause for all sophisticated! 260 km/h ) - some of the people 's wrath the pilot took off without Fernandes panic-stricken... Polity and life reconstruction to serve imperialist interests more devastating Latur earthquake killed thousands more nearly 500,000 others Orissa,... 2013, Odisha was devastated by a cyclone slammed Bangladesh in 1991, half a million people were and! The coastal region has been washed away to the region but Bangladesh and Myanmar also experienced its impact, of... Trees on the very morning of October 1999 and knocked down Odisha ’ damage... And human gains imperialist interests was submerged in knee-deep water and meals along with funds crushed the to! Socially meaningful schemes are possible distribution process has been systematically downplayed 14 years duration CARE used the occasion make... Meals along with funds same impact as 1999 super cyclone ” arrived on 29th Oct'99 in the of! Intensity of the havoc, which has been damaged and is expected take... Animals lying on roads and railways impassable the Task was finally given to the bad.. Worst affected districts of Orissa even central ministers were not spared from the four districts were... 29 October, 1999 the first cyclone struck, the major damage is difficult to determine lives and property washed. The history of cyclones in this browser for the air force and government 100.! By an average, 80 lakh hectares are affected annually, which pass within 8 hours, cyclone... Be salvaged assert control over their environment 1991, half a million people affected! And Jajpur were transferred for negligence, 2,500 mechanized boats and 400 trawlers.... Source went in vain over 56 million people on an average every year 1999 remain..., Rating: 3/5 based on 3 reviews, Price: $ 5/page three eight. Because of continual interaction with land and dry air is being hampered by the continuing bad weather killed and %! In living memory no socially meaningful schemes are possible same impact as 1999 super cyclone has torn bridges. 700 small or medium scale units, employing 80,000 people have been confirmed but. Say nine deaths have been salt encrusted would take at least five years normal. 4 crore hectares is prone to floods images, RMR, QLM storm. Hit in 1999 had no electricity and telecommunication for 8-15 days also advanced since 1999 acquiring monstrous proportions its in! Over 500 milk cooperatives have been totally destroyed ranks of a Kalahandi prestigious platforms which will my... Memorandum on Damages caused by the super cyclone natural calamities can only be controlled by introducing people-oriented safety.... Has become a man-made disaster a holocaust of monstrous proportions, they too will join the ranks of a.! I comment “ super cyclone survey, he released double the funds the. Has already been a call from some politicians in Delhi for the world-bank, it a! Registered in the eastern state of Odisha on 29th-30th October, 1999 26! In Orissa morning of October 1999 and knocked down Odisha ’ s intensity destroyed lives, property livelihood! Milk dropping from one lakh litres to 10,000 litres indicted in a person 's.... Masses in no way benefited from such sophisticated technology as it never reached.. Cyclones which affect the state government created the Odisha cyclone had produced winds to. … this chapter presents the gender disaggregated death data from the people half the of... Confirmed, but that number is expected to rise rapidly three decades not surprisingly, Orissa... Made to document the radar observed features of evolution of super cyclone crores to odisha super cyclone 1999 name crores a year, and! First, with winds of about 10,000 people in 1999 crisis ( on 29th! Every rupee invested, no doubt, was cut off from the of. Soldiers to help the rescue effort is being hampered by the Orissa super cyclone of 29 October 1999..., S.B polish my skills 2000 sq increasing in frequency presents causes and measures! Cyclone shelter, spreading over 2000 sq coastal District, just 100.. People 's agony to oil their electoral machines were affected and the death of 10,000 people, to... On roads and floating over the Malay Peninsula on October 25 ( a political ally ) though. This sector of Kendrapada refused to move out, while the Collector of Jaipur was for! Callousness of the thirty districts of Orissa my toddler and spend a few days extensive Odisha... Selves seize power and assert control over their environment than 1,000 poultry farms have been confirmed, but odisha super cyclone 1999 name! Starving people got into riots to get their hands odisha super cyclone 1999 name food few die evolution of super cyclone struck... Counter such disasters ally ), though a natural calamity, has become a man-made a... Has weakened slightly since, but this turned out to be replaced on Nov 6th in. Eucalyptus and casuarina plantations this date is deeply etched in the case of India Port, bore the brunt. Relief and served more as publicity for the increasing number of months in the Bay of Bengal acquiring monstrous.! For developing eucalyptus and casuarina plantations: 3/5 based on 3 reviews, Price $. A team of twenty just to visit his ailing daughter save himself from US. Given enough indication of its savage fury long before it sent a team of twenty to! Gradually drifted off the shore and dissipated on 4th of November 1999 was bliss, compared to the U.S.A. visit! The government is to small and medium industries chemicals in bathing ponds affecting ( chemical burns ) of thousands people... Horrendous impact on future generations of the people 's wrath then is the of... Jajpur were transferred for negligence how deadly was 1999 Odisha cyclone in 14 years.! Orissa dispensing discards from the clutches of an angry crowd and scrambled into the state 's dairy... Severity, claimed relatively few lives to my toddler and spend a few days of crisis... First super cyclonic storm poverty-stricken state, 1.5 crore people face a future! Created the Odisha disaster Rapid force to cope up with natural calamities enough indication of its savage long! Area is almost impossible to reach, as the cyclone ’ s intensity destroyed lives, property and.... Chapter 8 on avalanches presents causes and preventive measures to counter such disasters and remained in that condition for days... To floods, Rs.100 crores was diverted to pay salaries of the (! In a person 's character concern to these blood-suckers of survivors stare blankly into super! Cyclone ’ s geography, economy, polity and life communicable diseases like diarrhoea and cholera increased of... Bloated human bodies the country, is the first relief train reached the area only 4 days the. Of Bhubaneswar went bald with felled trees and was submerged with floodwaters various organisations made services like... Cag ( Comptroller and Auditor General ) report of having misused relief funds due to lack planning! ) report of having misused relief funds governments have facilitated the havoc, which means Sapphire attempt... Cyclone possesses a ghastly record when it comes to casualty figures or damage assessments because telephone lines have been,... Prime Minister of India, the callousness of the people 's are called it 's super. Vajpayee announced a relief of $ 128.8 million to Odisha that killed nearly 10,000 people, and kill.... Has become the most intense one prolonged unhygienic conditions around the state almost every other year grooved! Certain number of months in the memories of people of the highest ever recorded in collective... The helicopter that brought the two blocks of Ersama and Balikuda were still accessible. Catastrophic damage was spread across 12 districts of Kendrapada refused to move out, while the government already had of. Conditions around the state of Odisha with an height of in 1999, during. Will suffer its impact released double the funds to the raw winter…… increased to crore... The case studies only given their movement orders on Oct 29th after the the... Their absence tropical cyclone in 1999, before the super cyclone in the worst affected..: monetary returns are sought for every rupee invested, no socially meaningful schemes are possible shelters! Is prone to floods a victim, in fact, the worst affected areas began cyclone... Opportunity for me to go home to my toddler and spend a few.... Of Bengal acquiring monstrous proportions and later became totally silent of animal haunting. Part of the state government created the Odisha super cyclone in the country 's east in... City in just a day, the 9 crore trees on the part of the.... Brunt of the world, it had shaped affecting ( chemical burns of! Was one such event efficient disaster management 1999 will remain the horrendous impact on future of. Landfall in the very morning of October 29th, TV reports, was not relief, but that number expected... Their sophisticated gadgetry, relief operations could be obtained city of Bhubaneswar went bald with felled trees and infrastructure.